Distal Humeral Fractures
- Single column
- Bi column
- Extracapsular - Medial/latl epicondyle
- Intracapsular - Transcolumn fractures
Figure1: Very low open intraarticular fracture with Triceps rupture.
Figure2: which was treated with a Semiconstrained joint replacement.
Radial Head Fractures
Figure: Lateral view of Elbow showing radial head fracture and a fat pad sign
Radial Head Fracture
- Stabiliser of the lateral column of joint.
- Ass. Injury include elbow dislocation.
- Fall on outstretched pronated hand, Valgus (outward) stress to the elbow.
- Classification - Mason.
- Diagnosis – aspiration which also relives pain.
- Most radial head fractures are undisplaced or minimally displaced and are treated non-operatively.
- Displaced fractures depending on the severity need internal fixation with screws, plates or rarely need a radial head replacement.